Native Plants for Northern Illinois Garden Guide
Native Plants for Northern Illinois
Caring for Northern Illinois native perennial trees and shrubs is easier than you might think. Native plants are well-adapted to the local climate and soil conditions, making them more resilient and requiring less maintenance. They also provide essential habitat and food sources for local wildlife, support biodiversity, and help preserve the region's unique ecosystem. Download or print a planting map for your home here.
Proper Planting: Choose a suitable location with well-drained soil and ample sunlight. Dig a hole slightly larger than the plant's root ball, place the plant in the hole, and backfill with soil.
Watering: Provide regular watering, especially during dry spells, to keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Deep, infrequent watering is preferable to frequent shallow watering.
Mulching: Apply a layer of organic Cotton Burr mulch around the base of the trees and shrubs. This helps retain moisture, suppresses weed growth, and regulates soil temperature. Leave space around the trunk or stem to prevent rot.
Fertilizing: In most cases, native trees and shrubs do not require additional fertilization. They are adapted to local soil conditions. However, if you notice signs of nutrient deficiency, consider using a slow-release organic fertilizer according to package instructions. We recommend the Dr. Earth Rose and Flower for perennials and Espoma Hollytone for trees & shrubs.
Pest and Disease Control: Native plants are generally more resistant to pests and diseases. However, monitor your trees and shrubs regularly for any signs of infestation or disease. If necessary, consult a local gardening expert or use eco-friendly pest control methods.
Remember, native plants are well-suited to the local climate and soil conditions, making them low-maintenance options. By following these simple care instructions, you can enjoy beautiful and resilient trees and shrubs in your Northern Illinois landscape.